Nova Scotia’s capital is a historic community that still shows a striking resemblance to the Halifax of the 1800s when it was a key naval station in the British Empire. The Halifax Citadel, a military bastion that has been standing for over 250 years, was restored and is still active. Stroll down Spring Garden Road, a lively neighborhood with intriguing boutiques set among a mildly Bohemian street scene. At the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic on the waterfront, learn the colorful history of Samuel Cunard, a Nova Scotia native who became a Canadian shipping magnate and founded a successful steamship company.
Things To Do
Experience an exciting part of Canada's history by visiting the Halifax Citadel National Historic Site of Canada, a 19th century fort with a sweeping view of downtown Halifax. The Citadel is brought to life by two historic regiments of the British Army - the pageantry of the 78th Highlanders and the precision of the Royal Artillery thrill visitors daily with live re-enactments. There's no shortage of authentic experiences to view and participate in!
The area comprising present-day Halifax County was settled for thousands of years by the Mi’kmaq. Those who settled on Halifax Harbour called it Jipugtug (anglicised as “Chebucto”), meaning Great Harbour. The establishment of the Town of Halifax, named after the British Earl of Halifax in 1749, led to the colonial capital being transferred from Annapolis Royal.
The establishment of Halifax also marked the beginning of Father Le Loutre’s War. The war began when Edward Cornwallis arrived to establish Halifax with 13 transports and a sloop of war on June 21, 1749. By establishing Halifax the British were violating earlier treaties with the Mi’kmaq (1726), which were signed after Father Rale’s War. Cornwallis brought along 1,176 settlers and their families. To guard against Mi’kmaq, Acadian, and French attacks on the new Protestant settlements, British fortifications were erected in Halifax on Citadel Hill, Bedford (Fort Sackville), Dartmouth, and Lawrencetown.
December 1917 saw one of the greatest disasters in Canadian history, when the SS Mont-Blanc, a French cargo ship carrying munitions, collided with another vessel SS Imo between upper Halifax Harbour and Bedford Basin. The resulting explosion, the Halifax Explosion, devastated Halifax, killing approximately 2,000 people and injuring nearly 9,000 other. The blast was the largest man-made explosion prior to the development of nuclear weapons.
- Halifax is the capital of Nova Scotia. It hosts the largest population east of Quebec City – 403,000 people at last count.
- The Old Town Clock, a famous landmark, has been keeping time since 1803.
- There are more pubs per capita than any other city in Canada.
- Home of the 1995 G7 Summit, the summit where Russia was invited to join the world’s political leaders.
- Boasts the world’s longest downtown boardwalk (runs for over 4km alongside the harbor)
http://www.destinationhalifax.com/ – Halifax for Visitors
http://www.halifax.ca/– The Official Municipality of Halifax Website